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Defined: How are Military canines recruited and skilled, what duties do they carry out?


A two-year-old Military canine named Axel was killed within the line of responsibility in Jammu and Kashmir on July 30 whereas collaborating in a search operation with a Rashtriya Rifles battalion. Axel was given a ceremonial guard of honour by the Military earlier than his burial within the Military Canine Unit he served in.

How did Military canine Axel die?

Axel was serving within the 26 Military Canine Unit within the Kashmir valley and was deployed in a search mission throughout an anti-terror operation being carried out by the 29 Rashtriya Rifles. Whereas he was clearing the rooms the place suspected terrorists had been holed up, one of many terrorists in hiding fired at him resulting in deadly accidents. A subsequent autopsy of Axel performed on the 54 Military Veterinary Hospital revealed that he had greater than ten bullet wounds and a fracture of the femur.

Axel was honoured at a ceremony held by HQs 10 Sector Rashtriya Rifles the place wreaths had been laid by the Basic Officer Commanding Kilo Power of Rashtriya Rifles and different senior officers. He was later buried within the unit grounds of 26 Military Canine Unit.

What number of canine items does the Indian Military have?

In a press release made within the Parliament in 2019, the Minister of State for Defence had revealed that the Military had 25 full canine items and two half items. A full canine unit includes 24 canines and a half unit has 12 of them.

What sort of canines are inducted within the Military?

The Indian Military has varied breeds of canines in its canine items. These embrace Labradors, German Shepherds, Belgian Malinois and Nice Mountain Swiss Canine. Axel was reportedly a Belgian Malinois breed canine.

What are the duties carried out by Military canines and the place are they skilled?

There are a number of duties that are carried out by Military canines and these embrace guard responsibility, patrolling, sniffing explosives together with Improvised Explosive Gadgets (IEDs), mine detection, sniffing contraband gadgets together with medication, assaulting potential targets, avalanche particles detection in addition to collaborating in search operations to find hiding fugitives and terrorists.

Every Military canine has a canine handler with him who’s accountable for the well-being of the canine as additionally to information it by varied duties that he’s to carry out.

Military canines are skilled on the Remount and Veterinary Corps Centre and Faculty positioned in Meerut. A canine coaching faculty got here up at this location a while in 1960. Primarily based on the breed and aptitude of the canines, they’re skilled in varied abilities earlier than being inducted.

How lengthy do Military canines stay in service?

Military canines are in service for round eight years earlier than they’re retired. There was an earlier apply of euthanizing Military canines after they had been now not in lively service. An RTI reply in 2015 giving out this info had induced a public uproar following which the coverage was amended.

Military canines are now not put to everlasting sleep. A PIL had additionally been filed in Delhi Excessive Court docket on this regard in 2016 the place the then Extra Solicitor Basic Sanjay Jain had submitted a declaration saying that the coverage of euthanizing the animals was being amended and that the canines might be rehabilitated.

Do Military canines get embellished for bravery?

Within the Indian Military, animals, together with canines, are eligible to be awarded the Chief of Military Workers Commendation Card, Vice Chief of Workers Commendation Card in addition to Basic Officer Commanding in Chief Commendation Card for his or her acts of gallantry in addition to distinguished service. The Canine Handlers are eligible for the gallantry medals and have been awarded Shaurya Chakra and Sena Medal for gallantry whereas collaborating in operations with their canines.

In the UK, the best award for animals in army or police service is the PDSA Dickin Medal. It was instituted in 1943 by Maria Dickin, founding father of Individuals’s Dispensary for Sick Animals (PDSA) for any animal displaying conspicuous gallantry and devotion to responsibility whereas serving with British armed forces or civil emergency providers. The bronze Dickin Medal is embossed with phrases ‘For Gallantry” on one facet and “We Additionally Serve” on the opposite.

Within the US, there’s a Medal of Bravery, which is awarded to animals and was instituted in 2019. The US additionally has a Ok-9 Medal of braveness which has been instituted by the American Humane Affiliation.



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