Residence » Information » Seresto Flea Collar Linked to 2,500 Pet Deaths; Feds Advise Recall
Seresto flea and tick collars are extensively fashionable within the U.S. However a congressional report hyperlinks them to widespread pet deaths, ailments, and accidents.
The corporate that makes Seresto flea and tick collars ought to voluntarily recall them, says the U.S. Home Committee on Oversight and Reform.
That’s as a result of its analysis linked the favored collars to over 2,500 pet deaths, leaving households throughout the nation with out their beloved pets. And the committee discovered nearly 100,000 reported incidents of what the Environmental Safety Company (EPA) calls “surprising results from the usage of a pesticide.”
The 23-page report recommends a sweeping product recall however factors much more decisively towards oversight by the EPA.
Yesterday, Subcommittee Chair @CongressmanRaja heard straight from a few of these pet homeowners. https://t.co/mMuridaLEG
— Oversight Committee (@OversightDems) June 16, 2022
Amongst different allegations, it says the EPA allowed the collar to remain available on the market regardless of figuring out the hazard to pets and homeowners as early as 2015. And whereas Canada’s Pest Administration Regulatory Company (PMRA) banned the Seresto collars, the EPA continued to permit them within the U.S. regardless of comparable findings.
Based on the report, American customers have purchased about 34 million Seresto flea and tick collars since their launch in 2013. The collar’s recognition stemmed partly from the truth that, as marketed, it might probably stop flea and tick issues for 8 months — eliminating the necessity for homeowners to re-apply remedy month-to-month, as is widespread in different merchandise.
Information Says Collars Can Trigger Pet Lesions, Vomiting, and Proprietor Facet Results
Elanco Animal Well being at the moment handles manufacturing for Seresto collars. That’s been the case because it bought earlier Seresto proprietor Bayer Animal Well being in 2020.
The report depends on the PMRA’s analysis in recommending the recall. The company discovered it “posed too nice a danger to pets and their homeowners to be bought in Canada” after analyzing signs skilled by lots of of pets. Based mostly on 961 “demise” and “main” pet incidents on which Bayer supplied “enhanced information,” the PMRA discovered the Seresto collar “most likely or probably” triggered 737 (77%) of them, the report stated.
Per the paperwork, noticed signs included pores and skin lesions and irritated pores and skin, which generally lined massive areas of a pet’s physique and didn’t resolve after homeowners eliminated the collar. Based on the panel, different signs embody lethargy, irregular conduct, extreme grooming and vocalization, vomiting, diarrhea, and anorexia.
“These troubling signs appeared shortly after use of the Seresto collar started, largely inside the first month,” the report stated. “Many pet homeowners reacted by eradicating their pets’ collars early,” it acknowledged.
The report added that pet homeowners additionally reportedly skilled unwanted side effects. These included pores and skin and immune problems, plus respiratory, neurological, and digestive impacts. Throat irritation, dizziness, and nausea all occurred, it stated.
Evaluating Seresto’s lively elements to different flea therapies’ lists, the model makes use of a pesticide referred to as flumethrin (a tick killer and repellent). No different main flea and tick remedy reminiscent of K9 Advantix, NexGuard, or Sentinel Spectrum makes use of it. Seresto and K9 Advantix do each make the most of imidacloprid (a neural disruptor for fleas), however Seresto’s collar incorporates a better proportion.
In the meantime, Elanco seeks to downplay the claims. Throughout a listening to on Wednesday, Elanco Animal Well being CEO Jeffrey Simmons maintained that the collar is secure.
He identified that the EPA accepted it after it underwent greater than 80 security, toxicity, and efficacy research.
“Opposed occasion studies aren’t proof of causation,” Simmons stated within the listening to. “We haven’t discovered a single demise because of the elements within the collar.”
Elanco stated it obtained simply over 17 incident studies for each 1,000 collars bought in 2021. The corporate instructed CBS MoneyWatch that an evaluation of all such studies between 2013 and 2021 reveals “no established hyperlink between the lively elements in Seresto and pet demise.”
Thus, it concluded, “[g]iven the strong scientific proof for Seresto’s sturdy security profile, we’re proud to face behind the product as an necessary instrument to guard pets from fleas and ticks and the damaging ailments they carry.”
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Report Requires EPA to Take Motion
Based on the report, the EPA’s 2015 investigation into the Seresto collars concluded that they “ranked #1 by a large margin” by way of complete incidents and “demise” or “main” incidents amongst flea and tick merchandise. Adjusted for gross sales figures, it stated, it confirmed almost thrice the speed of complete incidents, and nearly 5 instances the speed of “demise” or “main” incidents, because the second-most harmful flea and tick product.
The EPA even discovered the collars extra harmful than Canada’s PMRA did in 2015, per the report. Every company reviewed the identical 251 pet deaths linked to Seresto. Whereas the PMRA finally connected 33% of these deaths to the collars (“probably or most likely”), the EPA discovered a hyperlink in 45% of the circumstances.
The report additionally particulars inside deliberations on the EPA following a March 2021 investigative report into the problem by USA As we speak. Based on the paperwork, an inquiry prompted conferences the place one EPA scientist acknowledged that the viability of the company’s reply would “rely if you would like the actual reply or some speaking factors to cowl our ass for doing nothing.”
One other EPA official wrote on the time that they hoped “this time somebody can blow the lid off this travesty.”
The committee concludes its report with a number of suggestions that put many of the onus on the EPA.
Not solely does it say Elanco ought to provoke a voluntary recall, however it additionally requires the EPA to provoke a Discover of Intent to Cancel proceedings, which might be certain that officers carried out “a complete assessment of Seresto and its dangers.” Lastly, the committee says the EPA ought to enhance its information assortment procedures and tighten its pesticide security analysis protocols.